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Please answer each of the following questions to help you self-assess your understanding of "Chapter 4: Measurement" (Remler & Van Ryzin, 2010)

1. (OPTIONAL) Your email address This question requires a valid email address.

2. Please Match the Term to Its Definition *This question is required.

Space Cell

The process of devising or identifying an empirical measure.

The concept or trait that a measure is trying to capture.

A construct or trait that is not directly observable.

A construct or trait that is directly observable. Contrasts with a latent construct.

The score or result produced by a measurement process.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a domain.

Stage in measurement process in which the construct (or concept) to be measured is carefully and fully defined.

The use of measurement for administrative purposes or leadership strategy.

The process of systematically observing some feature or characteristic of the world and then recording it in the form of a number or category.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a dimension.

Concept, construct, or characteristic of which the measurement is sought.

Dimension *This question is required

The process of devising or identifying an empirical measure.

The concept or trait that a measure is trying to capture.

A construct or trait that is not directly observable.

A construct or trait that is directly observable. Contrasts with a latent construct.

The score or result produced by a measurement process.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a domain.

Stage in measurement process in which the construct (or concept) to be measured is carefully and fully defined.

The use of measurement for administrative purposes or leadership strategy.

The process of systematically observing some feature or characteristic of the world and then recording it in the form of a number or category.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a dimension.

Concept, construct, or characteristic of which the measurement is sought.

Latent Construct *This question is required

The process of devising or identifying an empirical measure.

The concept or trait that a measure is trying to capture.

A construct or trait that is not directly observable.

A construct or trait that is directly observable. Contrasts with a latent construct.

The score or result produced by a measurement process.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a domain.

Stage in measurement process in which the construct (or concept) to be measured is carefully and fully defined.

The use of measurement for administrative purposes or leadership strategy.

The process of systematically observing some feature or characteristic of the world and then recording it in the form of a number or category.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a dimension.

Concept, construct, or characteristic of which the measurement is sought.

Manifest Construct

The process of devising or identifying an empirical measure.

The concept or trait that a measure is trying to capture.

A construct or trait that is not directly observable.

A construct or trait that is directly observable. Contrasts with a latent construct.

The score or result produced by a measurement process.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a domain.

Stage in measurement process in which the construct (or concept) to be measured is carefully and fully defined.

The use of measurement for administrative purposes or leadership strategy.

The process of systematically observing some feature or characteristic of the world and then recording it in the form of a number or category.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a dimension.

Concept, construct, or characteristic of which the measurement is sought.

Constuct

The process of devising or identifying an empirical measure.

The concept or trait that a measure is trying to capture.

A construct or trait that is not directly observable.

A construct or trait that is directly observable. Contrasts with a latent construct.

The score or result produced by a measurement process.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a domain.

Stage in measurement process in which the construct (or concept) to be measured is carefully and fully defined.

The use of measurement for administrative purposes or leadership strategy.

The process of systematically observing some feature or characteristic of the world and then recording it in the form of a number or category.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a dimension.

Concept, construct, or characteristic of which the measurement is sought.

Measurement

The process of devising or identifying an empirical measure.

The concept or trait that a measure is trying to capture.

A construct or trait that is not directly observable.

A construct or trait that is directly observable. Contrasts with a latent construct.

The score or result produced by a measurement process.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a domain.

Stage in measurement process in which the construct (or concept) to be measured is carefully and fully defined.

The use of measurement for administrative purposes or leadership strategy.

The process of systematically observing some feature or characteristic of the world and then recording it in the form of a number or category.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a dimension.

Concept, construct, or characteristic of which the measurement is sought.

Conceptualization

The process of devising or identifying an empirical measure.

The concept or trait that a measure is trying to capture.

A construct or trait that is not directly observable.

A construct or trait that is directly observable. Contrasts with a latent construct.

The score or result produced by a measurement process.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a domain.

Stage in measurement process in which the construct (or concept) to be measured is carefully and fully defined.

The use of measurement for administrative purposes or leadership strategy.

The process of systematically observing some feature or characteristic of the world and then recording it in the form of a number or category.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a dimension.

Concept, construct, or characteristic of which the measurement is sought.

Measure

The process of devising or identifying an empirical measure.

The concept or trait that a measure is trying to capture.

A construct or trait that is not directly observable.

A construct or trait that is directly observable. Contrasts with a latent construct.

The score or result produced by a measurement process.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a domain.

Stage in measurement process in which the construct (or concept) to be measured is carefully and fully defined.

The use of measurement for administrative purposes or leadership strategy.

The process of systematically observing some feature or characteristic of the world and then recording it in the form of a number or category.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a dimension.

Concept, construct, or characteristic of which the measurement is sought.

Domain *This question is required

The process of devising or identifying an empirical measure.

The concept or trait that a measure is trying to capture.

A construct or trait that is not directly observable.

A construct or trait that is directly observable. Contrasts with a latent construct.

The score or result produced by a measurement process.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a domain.

Stage in measurement process in which the construct (or concept) to be measured is carefully and fully defined.

The use of measurement for administrative purposes or leadership strategy.

The process of systematically observing some feature or characteristic of the world and then recording it in the form of a number or category.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a dimension.

Concept, construct, or characteristic of which the measurement is sought.

Operationalization *This question is required

The process of devising or identifying an empirical measure.

The concept or trait that a measure is trying to capture.

A construct or trait that is not directly observable.

A construct or trait that is directly observable. Contrasts with a latent construct.

The score or result produced by a measurement process.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a domain.

Stage in measurement process in which the construct (or concept) to be measured is carefully and fully defined.

The use of measurement for administrative purposes or leadership strategy.

The process of systematically observing some feature or characteristic of the world and then recording it in the form of a number or category.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a dimension.

Concept, construct, or characteristic of which the measurement is sought.

Performance Measurement

The process of devising or identifying an empirical measure.

The concept or trait that a measure is trying to capture.

A construct or trait that is not directly observable.

A construct or trait that is directly observable. Contrasts with a latent construct.

The score or result produced by a measurement process.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a domain.

Stage in measurement process in which the construct (or concept) to be measured is carefully and fully defined.

The use of measurement for administrative purposes or leadership strategy.

The process of systematically observing some feature or characteristic of the world and then recording it in the form of a number or category.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a dimension.

Concept, construct, or characteristic of which the measurement is sought.

Trait

The process of devising or identifying an empirical measure.

The concept or trait that a measure is trying to capture.

A construct or trait that is not directly observable.

A construct or trait that is directly observable. Contrasts with a latent construct.

The score or result produced by a measurement process.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a domain.

Stage in measurement process in which the construct (or concept) to be measured is carefully and fully defined.

The use of measurement for administrative purposes or leadership strategy.

The process of systematically observing some feature or characteristic of the world and then recording it in the form of a number or category.

A facet of a multifaceted construct, also called a dimension.

Concept, construct, or characteristic of which the measurement is sought.

3. Please Match the Term to Its Definition *This question is required.

Space Cell

Tools that help measure something, such as a survey instrument.

A composite measure composed of multiple items, which are correlated with each other and thought to reflect a single latent construct.

How well a measure represents the construct of interest.

Situation in a survey in which a person who responds provides information about someone else.

A measure that substitutes for another unavailable measure.

Carefully specified procedures for using the instruments properly in measurement.

Some observable measure that reveals information about a factor or latent trait.

A person who responds to a survey providing information about someone else.

Composite measure composed of multiple items, which may be selected for different reasons.

The technicians, interviewers, trained observers, and other personnel who implement research protocols.

Instrument (of Measurement)

Tools that help measure something, such as a survey instrument.

A composite measure composed of multiple items, which are correlated with each other and thought to reflect a single latent construct.

How well a measure represents the construct of interest.

Situation in a survey in which a person who responds provides information about someone else.

A measure that substitutes for another unavailable measure.

Carefully specified procedures for using the instruments properly in measurement.

Some observable measure that reveals information about a factor or latent trait.

A person who responds to a survey providing information about someone else.

Composite measure composed of multiple items, which may be selected for different reasons.

The technicians, interviewers, trained observers, and other personnel who implement research protocols.

Validity (of a measure) *This question is required

Tools that help measure something, such as a survey instrument.

A composite measure composed of multiple items, which are correlated with each other and thought to reflect a single latent construct.

How well a measure represents the construct of interest.

Situation in a survey in which a person who responds provides information about someone else.

A measure that substitutes for another unavailable measure.

Carefully specified procedures for using the instruments properly in measurement.

Some observable measure that reveals information about a factor or latent trait.

A person who responds to a survey providing information about someone else.

Composite measure composed of multiple items, which may be selected for different reasons.

The technicians, interviewers, trained observers, and other personnel who implement research protocols.

Protocols

Tools that help measure something, such as a survey instrument.

A composite measure composed of multiple items, which are correlated with each other and thought to reflect a single latent construct.

How well a measure represents the construct of interest.

Situation in a survey in which a person who responds provides information about someone else.

A measure that substitutes for another unavailable measure.

Carefully specified procedures for using the instruments properly in measurement.

Some observable measure that reveals information about a factor or latent trait.

A person who responds to a survey providing information about someone else.

Composite measure composed of multiple items, which may be selected for different reasons.

The technicians, interviewers, trained observers, and other personnel who implement research protocols.

Indicator

Tools that help measure something, such as a survey instrument.

A composite measure composed of multiple items, which are correlated with each other and thought to reflect a single latent construct.

How well a measure represents the construct of interest.

Situation in a survey in which a person who responds provides information about someone else.

A measure that substitutes for another unavailable measure.

Carefully specified procedures for using the instruments properly in measurement.

Some observable measure that reveals information about a factor or latent trait.

A person who responds to a survey providing information about someone else.

Composite measure composed of multiple items, which may be selected for different reasons.

The technicians, interviewers, trained observers, and other personnel who implement research protocols.

Proxy

Tools that help measure something, such as a survey instrument.

A composite measure composed of multiple items, which are correlated with each other and thought to reflect a single latent construct.

How well a measure represents the construct of interest.

Situation in a survey in which a person who responds provides information about someone else.

A measure that substitutes for another unavailable measure.

Carefully specified procedures for using the instruments properly in measurement.

Some observable measure that reveals information about a factor or latent trait.

A person who responds to a survey providing information about someone else.

Composite measure composed of multiple items, which may be selected for different reasons.

The technicians, interviewers, trained observers, and other personnel who implement research protocols.

Proxy Respondent

Tools that help measure something, such as a survey instrument.

A composite measure composed of multiple items, which are correlated with each other and thought to reflect a single latent construct.

How well a measure represents the construct of interest.

Situation in a survey in which a person who responds provides information about someone else.

A measure that substitutes for another unavailable measure.

Carefully specified procedures for using the instruments properly in measurement.

Some observable measure that reveals information about a factor or latent trait.

A person who responds to a survey providing information about someone else.

Composite measure composed of multiple items, which may be selected for different reasons.

The technicians, interviewers, trained observers, and other personnel who implement research protocols.

Scale *This question is required

Tools that help measure something, such as a survey instrument.

A composite measure composed of multiple items, which are correlated with each other and thought to reflect a single latent construct.

How well a measure represents the construct of interest.

Situation in a survey in which a person who responds provides information about someone else.

A measure that substitutes for another unavailable measure.

Carefully specified procedures for using the instruments properly in measurement.

Some observable measure that reveals information about a factor or latent trait.

A person who responds to a survey providing information about someone else.

Composite measure composed of multiple items, which may be selected for different reasons.

The technicians, interviewers, trained observers, and other personnel who implement research protocols.

Index *This question is required

Tools that help measure something, such as a survey instrument.

A composite measure composed of multiple items, which are correlated with each other and thought to reflect a single latent construct.

How well a measure represents the construct of interest.

Situation in a survey in which a person who responds provides information about someone else.

A measure that substitutes for another unavailable measure.

Carefully specified procedures for using the instruments properly in measurement.

Some observable measure that reveals information about a factor or latent trait.

A person who responds to a survey providing information about someone else.

Composite measure composed of multiple items, which may be selected for different reasons.

The technicians, interviewers, trained observers, and other personnel who implement research protocols.

Research Personnel

Tools that help measure something, such as a survey instrument.

A composite measure composed of multiple items, which are correlated with each other and thought to reflect a single latent construct.

How well a measure represents the construct of interest.

Situation in a survey in which a person who responds provides information about someone else.

A measure that substitutes for another unavailable measure.

Carefully specified procedures for using the instruments properly in measurement.

Some observable measure that reveals information about a factor or latent trait.

A person who responds to a survey providing information about someone else.

Composite measure composed of multiple items, which may be selected for different reasons.

The technicians, interviewers, trained observers, and other personnel who implement research protocols.

Proxy Reporting

Tools that help measure something, such as a survey instrument.

A composite measure composed of multiple items, which are correlated with each other and thought to reflect a single latent construct.

How well a measure represents the construct of interest.

Situation in a survey in which a person who responds provides information about someone else.

A measure that substitutes for another unavailable measure.

Carefully specified procedures for using the instruments properly in measurement.

Some observable measure that reveals information about a factor or latent trait.

A person who responds to a survey providing information about someone else.

Composite measure composed of multiple items, which may be selected for different reasons.

The technicians, interviewers, trained observers, and other personnel who implement research protocols.

4. Please Match the Term to Its Definition *This question is required.

Space Cell

The extent to which a measure concurs or agrees with other established classifications or test scores.

Extent to which a measure is independent of (not correlated with) other measures in the same data set that it does not logically relate to.

The extent to which a measure predicts logically related outcomes or behaviors in the future.

The extent to which a measure behaves as it should in a system or network of other variables.

The extent to which a measure behaves in a statistical model in a way that would be expected, based on theory and prior research.

The extent to which a measure relates, empirically, to various criteria that can demonstrate its validity.

The extent to which a measure correlates with other closely related measures in the same data set.

How well a measure captures all the important dimensions of a construct.

On the face of it, how well a measure captures what it is supposed to measure - the extent to which a measure makes intuitive sense.

When survey respondents are asked to report their own behaviors or characteristics.

Convergent Validity

The extent to which a measure concurs or agrees with other established classifications or test scores.

Extent to which a measure is independent of (not correlated with) other measures in the same data set that it does not logically relate to.

The extent to which a measure predicts logically related outcomes or behaviors in the future.

The extent to which a measure behaves as it should in a system or network of other variables.

The extent to which a measure behaves in a statistical model in a way that would be expected, based on theory and prior research.

The extent to which a measure relates, empirically, to various criteria that can demonstrate its validity.

The extent to which a measure correlates with other closely related measures in the same data set.

How well a measure captures all the important dimensions of a construct.

On the face of it, how well a measure captures what it is supposed to measure - the extent to which a measure makes intuitive sense.

When survey respondents are asked to report their own behaviors or characteristics.

Nomological Validity *This question is required

The extent to which a measure concurs or agrees with other established classifications or test scores.

Extent to which a measure is independent of (not correlated with) other measures in the same data set that it does not logically relate to.

The extent to which a measure predicts logically related outcomes or behaviors in the future.

The extent to which a measure behaves as it should in a system or network of other variables.

The extent to which a measure behaves in a statistical model in a way that would be expected, based on theory and prior research.

The extent to which a measure relates, empirically, to various criteria that can demonstrate its validity.

The extent to which a measure correlates with other closely related measures in the same data set.

How well a measure captures all the important dimensions of a construct.

On the face of it, how well a measure captures what it is supposed to measure - the extent to which a measure makes intuitive sense.

When survey respondents are asked to report their own behaviors or characteristics.

Discriminant Validity *This question is required

The extent to which a measure concurs or agrees with other established classifications or test scores.

Extent to which a measure is independent of (not correlated with) other measures in the same data set that it does not logically relate to.

The extent to which a measure predicts logically related outcomes or behaviors in the future.

The extent to which a measure behaves as it should in a system or network of other variables.

The extent to which a measure behaves in a statistical model in a way that would be expected, based on theory and prior research.

The extent to which a measure relates, empirically, to various criteria that can demonstrate its validity.

The extent to which a measure correlates with other closely related measures in the same data set.

How well a measure captures all the important dimensions of a construct.

On the face of it, how well a measure captures what it is supposed to measure - the extent to which a measure makes intuitive sense.

When survey respondents are asked to report their own behaviors or characteristics.

Concurrent Validity

The extent to which a measure concurs or agrees with other established classifications or test scores.

Extent to which a measure is independent of (not correlated with) other measures in the same data set that it does not logically relate to.

The extent to which a measure predicts logically related outcomes or behaviors in the future.

The extent to which a measure behaves as it should in a system or network of other variables.

The extent to which a measure behaves in a statistical model in a way that would be expected, based on theory and prior research.

The extent to which a measure relates, empirically, to various criteria that can demonstrate its validity.

The extent to which a measure correlates with other closely related measures in the same data set.

How well a measure captures all the important dimensions of a construct.

On the face of it, how well a measure captures what it is supposed to measure - the extent to which a measure makes intuitive sense.

When survey respondents are asked to report their own behaviors or characteristics.

Predictive Validity

The extent to which a measure concurs or agrees with other established classifications or test scores.

Extent to which a measure is independent of (not correlated with) other measures in the same data set that it does not logically relate to.

The extent to which a measure predicts logically related outcomes or behaviors in the future.

The extent to which a measure behaves as it should in a system or network of other variables.

The extent to which a measure behaves in a statistical model in a way that would be expected, based on theory and prior research.

The extent to which a measure relates, empirically, to various criteria that can demonstrate its validity.

The extent to which a measure correlates with other closely related measures in the same data set.

How well a measure captures all the important dimensions of a construct.

On the face of it, how well a measure captures what it is supposed to measure - the extent to which a measure makes intuitive sense.

When survey respondents are asked to report their own behaviors or characteristics.

Criterion-Related Validity

The extent to which a measure concurs or agrees with other established classifications or test scores.

Extent to which a measure is independent of (not correlated with) other measures in the same data set that it does not logically relate to.

The extent to which a measure predicts logically related outcomes or behaviors in the future.

The extent to which a measure behaves as it should in a system or network of other variables.

The extent to which a measure behaves in a statistical model in a way that would be expected, based on theory and prior research.

The extent to which a measure relates, empirically, to various criteria that can demonstrate its validity.

The extent to which a measure correlates with other closely related measures in the same data set.

How well a measure captures all the important dimensions of a construct.

On the face of it, how well a measure captures what it is supposed to measure - the extent to which a measure makes intuitive sense.

When survey respondents are asked to report their own behaviors or characteristics.

Self-Reporting

The extent to which a measure concurs or agrees with other established classifications or test scores.

Extent to which a measure is independent of (not correlated with) other measures in the same data set that it does not logically relate to.

The extent to which a measure predicts logically related outcomes or behaviors in the future.

The extent to which a measure behaves as it should in a system or network of other variables.

The extent to which a measure behaves in a statistical model in a way that would be expected, based on theory and prior research.

The extent to which a measure relates, empirically, to various criteria that can demonstrate its validity.

The extent to which a measure correlates with other closely related measures in the same data set.

How well a measure captures all the important dimensions of a construct.

On the face of it, how well a measure captures what it is supposed to measure - the extent to which a measure makes intuitive sense.

When survey respondents are asked to report their own behaviors or characteristics.

Construct Validity *This question is required

The extent to which a measure concurs or agrees with other established classifications or test scores.

Extent to which a measure is independent of (not correlated with) other measures in the same data set that it does not logically relate to.

The extent to which a measure predicts logically related outcomes or behaviors in the future.

The extent to which a measure behaves as it should in a system or network of other variables.

The extent to which a measure behaves in a statistical model in a way that would be expected, based on theory and prior research.

The extent to which a measure relates, empirically, to various criteria that can demonstrate its validity.

The extent to which a measure correlates with other closely related measures in the same data set.

How well a measure captures all the important dimensions of a construct.

On the face of it, how well a measure captures what it is supposed to measure - the extent to which a measure makes intuitive sense.

When survey respondents are asked to report their own behaviors or characteristics.

Face Validity

The extent to which a measure concurs or agrees with other established classifications or test scores.

Extent to which a measure is independent of (not correlated with) other measures in the same data set that it does not logically relate to.

The extent to which a measure predicts logically related outcomes or behaviors in the future.

The extent to which a measure behaves as it should in a system or network of other variables.

The extent to which a measure behaves in a statistical model in a way that would be expected, based on theory and prior research.

The extent to which a measure relates, empirically, to various criteria that can demonstrate its validity.

The extent to which a measure correlates with other closely related measures in the same data set.

How well a measure captures all the important dimensions of a construct.

On the face of it, how well a measure captures what it is supposed to measure - the extent to which a measure makes intuitive sense.

When survey respondents are asked to report their own behaviors or characteristics.

Content Validity

The extent to which a measure concurs or agrees with other established classifications or test scores.

Extent to which a measure is independent of (not correlated with) other measures in the same data set that it does not logically relate to.

The extent to which a measure predicts logically related outcomes or behaviors in the future.

The extent to which a measure behaves as it should in a system or network of other variables.

The extent to which a measure behaves in a statistical model in a way that would be expected, based on theory and prior research.

The extent to which a measure relates, empirically, to various criteria that can demonstrate its validity.

The extent to which a measure correlates with other closely related measures in the same data set.

How well a measure captures all the important dimensions of a construct.

On the face of it, how well a measure captures what it is supposed to measure - the extent to which a measure makes intuitive sense.

When survey respondents are asked to report their own behaviors or characteristics.

5. Please Match the Term to Its Definition *This question is required.

Space Cell

A measure of reliability of a composite measure such as a scale based on dividing the items randomly into two halves and then looking at the correlation between the two halves.

Systematic error in a measure or causal effect.

An approach to determining reliability based on measuring the same thing twice.

Errors - or deviations from the true construct in a measure that are systematic and do not average out to zero. Also called bias.

The average of all possible split-half correlations; a measure of the internal reliability of a multi-item scale.

Errors - deviations from the true construct in a measure - that are not systematic and average out to zero. Also called noise.

How similar the scores of different raters or interviewers are when they measure the same person or object.

Random measurement error.

Consistency of a measure.

The extent to which two forms of a test or measure are really the same.

Systematic Measurement Error

A measure of reliability of a composite measure such as a scale based on dividing the items randomly into two halves and then looking at the correlation between the two halves.

Systematic error in a measure or causal effect.

An approach to determining reliability based on measuring the same thing twice.

Errors - or deviations from the true construct in a measure that are systematic and do not average out to zero. Also called bias.

The average of all possible split-half correlations; a measure of the internal reliability of a multi-item scale.

Errors - deviations from the true construct in a measure - that are not systematic and average out to zero. Also called noise.

How similar the scores of different raters or interviewers are when they measure the same person or object.

Random measurement error.

Consistency of a measure.

The extent to which two forms of a test or measure are really the same.

Bias

A measure of reliability of a composite measure such as a scale based on dividing the items randomly into two halves and then looking at the correlation between the two halves.

Systematic error in a measure or causal effect.

An approach to determining reliability based on measuring the same thing twice.

Errors - or deviations from the true construct in a measure that are systematic and do not average out to zero. Also called bias.

The average of all possible split-half correlations; a measure of the internal reliability of a multi-item scale.

Errors - deviations from the true construct in a measure - that are not systematic and average out to zero. Also called noise.

How similar the scores of different raters or interviewers are when they measure the same person or object.

Random measurement error.

Consistency of a measure.

The extent to which two forms of a test or measure are really the same.

Random Measurement Error

A measure of reliability of a composite measure such as a scale based on dividing the items randomly into two halves and then looking at the correlation between the two halves.

Systematic error in a measure or causal effect.

An approach to determining reliability based on measuring the same thing twice.

Errors - or deviations from the true construct in a measure that are systematic and do not average out to zero. Also called bias.

The average of all possible split-half correlations; a measure of the internal reliability of a multi-item scale.

Errors - deviations from the true construct in a measure - that are not systematic and average out to zero. Also called noise.

How similar the scores of different raters or interviewers are when they measure the same person or object.

Random measurement error.

Consistency of a measure.

The extent to which two forms of a test or measure are really the same.

Noise

A measure of reliability of a composite measure such as a scale based on dividing the items randomly into two halves and then looking at the correlation between the two halves.

Systematic error in a measure or causal effect.

An approach to determining reliability based on measuring the same thing twice.

Errors - or deviations from the true construct in a measure that are systematic and do not average out to zero. Also called bias.

The average of all possible split-half correlations; a measure of the internal reliability of a multi-item scale.

Errors - deviations from the true construct in a measure - that are not systematic and average out to zero. Also called noise.

How similar the scores of different raters or interviewers are when they measure the same person or object.

Random measurement error.

Consistency of a measure.

The extent to which two forms of a test or measure are really the same.

Reliability

A measure of reliability of a composite measure such as a scale based on dividing the items randomly into two halves and then looking at the correlation between the two halves.

Systematic error in a measure or causal effect.

An approach to determining reliability based on measuring the same thing twice.

Errors - or deviations from the true construct in a measure that are systematic and do not average out to zero. Also called bias.

The average of all possible split-half correlations; a measure of the internal reliability of a multi-item scale.

Errors - deviations from the true construct in a measure - that are not systematic and average out to zero. Also called noise.

How similar the scores of different raters or interviewers are when they measure the same person or object.

Random measurement error.

Consistency of a measure.

The extent to which two forms of a test or measure are really the same.

Test-Retest Reliability

A measure of reliability of a composite measure such as a scale based on dividing the items randomly into two halves and then looking at the correlation between the two halves.

Systematic error in a measure or causal effect.

An approach to determining reliability based on measuring the same thing twice.

Errors - or deviations from the true construct in a measure that are systematic and do not average out to zero. Also called bias.

The average of all possible split-half correlations; a measure of the internal reliability of a multi-item scale.

Errors - deviations from the true construct in a measure - that are not systematic and average out to zero. Also called noise.

How similar the scores of different raters or interviewers are when they measure the same person or object.

Random measurement error.

Consistency of a measure.

The extent to which two forms of a test or measure are really the same.

Interrater Reliability

A measure of reliability of a composite measure such as a scale based on dividing the items randomly into two halves and then looking at the correlation between the two halves.

Systematic error in a measure or causal effect.

An approach to determining reliability based on measuring the same thing twice.

Errors - or deviations from the true construct in a measure that are systematic and do not average out to zero. Also called bias.

The average of all possible split-half correlations; a measure of the internal reliability of a multi-item scale.

Errors - deviations from the true construct in a measure - that are not systematic and average out to zero. Also called noise.

How similar the scores of different raters or interviewers are when they measure the same person or object.

Random measurement error.

Consistency of a measure.

The extent to which two forms of a test or measure are really the same.

Split-Half Reliability *This question is required

A measure of reliability of a composite measure such as a scale based on dividing the items randomly into two halves and then looking at the correlation between the two halves.

Systematic error in a measure or causal effect.

An approach to determining reliability based on measuring the same thing twice.

Errors - or deviations from the true construct in a measure that are systematic and do not average out to zero. Also called bias.

The average of all possible split-half correlations; a measure of the internal reliability of a multi-item scale.

Errors - deviations from the true construct in a measure - that are not systematic and average out to zero. Also called noise.

How similar the scores of different raters or interviewers are when they measure the same person or object.

Random measurement error.

Consistency of a measure.

The extent to which two forms of a test or measure are really the same.

Cronbach's Alpha *This question is required

A measure of reliability of a composite measure such as a scale based on dividing the items randomly into two halves and then looking at the correlation between the two halves.

Systematic error in a measure or causal effect.

An approach to determining reliability based on measuring the same thing twice.

Errors - or deviations from the true construct in a measure that are systematic and do not average out to zero. Also called bias.

The average of all possible split-half correlations; a measure of the internal reliability of a multi-item scale.

Errors - deviations from the true construct in a measure - that are not systematic and average out to zero. Also called noise.

How similar the scores of different raters or interviewers are when they measure the same person or object.

Random measurement error.

Consistency of a measure.

The extent to which two forms of a test or measure are really the same.

Parallel Forms Reliability *This question is required

A measure of reliability of a composite measure such as a scale based on dividing the items randomly into two halves and then looking at the correlation between the two halves.

Systematic error in a measure or causal effect.

An approach to determining reliability based on measuring the same thing twice.

Errors - or deviations from the true construct in a measure that are systematic and do not average out to zero. Also called bias.

The average of all possible split-half correlations; a measure of the internal reliability of a multi-item scale.

Errors - deviations from the true construct in a measure - that are not systematic and average out to zero. Also called noise.

How similar the scores of different raters or interviewers are when they measure the same person or object.

Random measurement error.

Consistency of a measure.

The extent to which two forms of a test or measure are really the same.

6. Please Match the Term to Its Definition *This question is required.

Space Cell

The units that define the numbers in quantitative variables - how many of what that numbers refer to. Also referred to as simply units.

The consistency of coding qualitative data.

A quantitative measure in which the size of a difference - an interval - has meaning, but there is no meaningful zero. Contrasts with ratio measure.

Categorical variable that has only two values 0 and 1, where 1 indicates being in the category named by the variable and 0 indicates not being in it. Also called indicator variable.

A quantitative measure in which there is a meaningful zero and the size of a difference, an interval, has meaning. Contrasts with interval measure.

The distinction between quantitative and categorical variables, or "ladder of measurement": nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio.

Categorical variables that have no intrinsic order.

Variables that refer to categories and not to an actual quantity.

Categorical variables that can be put in a meaningful order.

Variables that take the forms of numbers that refer to actual quantities of something.

Code-Recode Reliability

The units that define the numbers in quantitative variables - how many of what that numbers refer to. Also referred to as simply units.

The consistency of coding qualitative data.

A quantitative measure in which the size of a difference - an interval - has meaning, but there is no meaningful zero. Contrasts with ratio measure.

Categorical variable that has only two values 0 and 1, where 1 indicates being in the category named by the variable and 0 indicates not being in it. Also called indicator variable.

A quantitative measure in which there is a meaningful zero and the size of a difference, an interval, has meaning. Contrasts with interval measure.

The distinction between quantitative and categorical variables, or "ladder of measurement": nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio.

Categorical variables that have no intrinsic order.

Variables that refer to categories and not to an actual quantity.

Categorical variables that can be put in a meaningful order.

Variables that take the forms of numbers that refer to actual quantities of something.

Level of Measurement

The units that define the numbers in quantitative variables - how many of what that numbers refer to. Also referred to as simply units.

The consistency of coding qualitative data.

A quantitative measure in which the size of a difference - an interval - has meaning, but there is no meaningful zero. Contrasts with ratio measure.

Categorical variable that has only two values 0 and 1, where 1 indicates being in the category named by the variable and 0 indicates not being in it. Also called indicator variable.

A quantitative measure in which there is a meaningful zero and the size of a difference, an interval, has meaning. Contrasts with interval measure.

The distinction between quantitative and categorical variables, or "ladder of measurement": nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio.

Categorical variables that have no intrinsic order.

Variables that refer to categories and not to an actual quantity.

Categorical variables that can be put in a meaningful order.

Variables that take the forms of numbers that refer to actual quantities of something.

Quantitative Variables

The units that define the numbers in quantitative variables - how many of what that numbers refer to. Also referred to as simply units.

The consistency of coding qualitative data.

A quantitative measure in which the size of a difference - an interval - has meaning, but there is no meaningful zero. Contrasts with ratio measure.

Categorical variable that has only two values 0 and 1, where 1 indicates being in the category named by the variable and 0 indicates not being in it. Also called indicator variable.

A quantitative measure in which there is a meaningful zero and the size of a difference, an interval, has meaning. Contrasts with interval measure.

The distinction between quantitative and categorical variables, or "ladder of measurement": nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio.

Categorical variables that have no intrinsic order.

Variables that refer to categories and not to an actual quantity.

Categorical variables that can be put in a meaningful order.

Variables that take the forms of numbers that refer to actual quantities of something.

Categorical Variables

The units that define the numbers in quantitative variables - how many of what that numbers refer to. Also referred to as simply units.

The consistency of coding qualitative data.

A quantitative measure in which the size of a difference - an interval - has meaning, but there is no meaningful zero. Contrasts with ratio measure.

Categorical variable that has only two values 0 and 1, where 1 indicates being in the category named by the variable and 0 indicates not being in it. Also called indicator variable.

A quantitative measure in which there is a meaningful zero and the size of a difference, an interval, has meaning. Contrasts with interval measure.

The distinction between quantitative and categorical variables, or "ladder of measurement": nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio.

Categorical variables that have no intrinsic order.

Variables that refer to categories and not to an actual quantity.

Categorical variables that can be put in a meaningful order.

Variables that take the forms of numbers that refer to actual quantities of something.

Unit of Measurement

The units that define the numbers in quantitative variables - how many of what that numbers refer to. Also referred to as simply units.

The consistency of coding qualitative data.

A quantitative measure in which the size of a difference - an interval - has meaning, but there is no meaningful zero. Contrasts with ratio measure.

Categorical variable that has only two values 0 and 1, where 1 indicates being in the category named by the variable and 0 indicates not being in it. Also called indicator variable.

A quantitative measure in which there is a meaningful zero and the size of a difference, an interval, has meaning. Contrasts with interval measure.

The distinction between quantitative and categorical variables, or "ladder of measurement": nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio.

Categorical variables that have no intrinsic order.

Variables that refer to categories and not to an actual quantity.

Categorical variables that can be put in a meaningful order.

Variables that take the forms of numbers that refer to actual quantities of something.

Interval Measure

The units that define the numbers in quantitative variables - how many of what that numbers refer to. Also referred to as simply units.

The consistency of coding qualitative data.

A quantitative measure in which the size of a difference - an interval - has meaning, but there is no meaningful zero. Contrasts with ratio measure.

Categorical variable that has only two values 0 and 1, where 1 indicates being in the category named by the variable and 0 indicates not being in it. Also called indicator variable.

A quantitative measure in which there is a meaningful zero and the size of a difference, an interval, has meaning. Contrasts with interval measure.

The distinction between quantitative and categorical variables, or "ladder of measurement": nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio.

Categorical variables that have no intrinsic order.

Variables that refer to categories and not to an actual quantity.

Categorical variables that can be put in a meaningful order.

Variables that take the forms of numbers that refer to actual quantities of something.

Ratio Measure

The units that define the numbers in quantitative variables - how many of what that numbers refer to. Also referred to as simply units.

The consistency of coding qualitative data.

A quantitative measure in which the size of a difference - an interval - has meaning, but there is no meaningful zero. Contrasts with ratio measure.

Categorical variable that has only two values 0 and 1, where 1 indicates being in the category named by the variable and 0 indicates not being in it. Also called indicator variable.

A quantitative measure in which there is a meaningful zero and the size of a difference, an interval, has meaning. Contrasts with interval measure.

The distinction between quantitative and categorical variables, or "ladder of measurement": nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio.

Categorical variables that have no intrinsic order.

Variables that refer to categories and not to an actual quantity.

Categorical variables that can be put in a meaningful order.

Variables that take the forms of numbers that refer to actual quantities of something.

Nominal Categorical Variables *This question is required

The units that define the numbers in quantitative variables - how many of what that numbers refer to. Also referred to as simply units.

The consistency of coding qualitative data.

A quantitative measure in which the size of a difference - an interval - has meaning, but there is no meaningful zero. Contrasts with ratio measure.

Categorical variable that has only two values 0 and 1, where 1 indicates being in the category named by the variable and 0 indicates not being in it. Also called indicator variable.

A quantitative measure in which there is a meaningful zero and the size of a difference, an interval, has meaning. Contrasts with interval measure.

The distinction between quantitative and categorical variables, or "ladder of measurement": nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio.

Categorical variables that have no intrinsic order.

Variables that refer to categories and not to an actual quantity.

Categorical variables that can be put in a meaningful order.

Variables that take the forms of numbers that refer to actual quantities of something.

Ordinal Categorical Variables *This question is required

The units that define the numbers in quantitative variables - how many of what that numbers refer to. Also referred to as simply units.

The consistency of coding qualitative data.

A quantitative measure in which the size of a difference - an interval - has meaning, but there is no meaningful zero. Contrasts with ratio measure.

Categorical variable that has only two values 0 and 1, where 1 indicates being in the category named by the variable and 0 indicates not being in it. Also called indicator variable.

A quantitative measure in which there is a meaningful zero and the size of a difference, an interval, has meaning. Contrasts with interval measure.

The distinction between quantitative and categorical variables, or "ladder of measurement": nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio.

Categorical variables that have no intrinsic order.

Variables that refer to categories and not to an actual quantity.

Categorical variables that can be put in a meaningful order.

Variables that take the forms of numbers that refer to actual quantities of something.

Dummy Variable *This question is required

The units that define the numbers in quantitative variables - how many of what that numbers refer to. Also referred to as simply units.

The consistency of coding qualitative data.

A quantitative measure in which the size of a difference - an interval - has meaning, but there is no meaningful zero. Contrasts with ratio measure.

Categorical variable that has only two values 0 and 1, where 1 indicates being in the category named by the variable and 0 indicates not being in it. Also called indicator variable.

A quantitative measure in which there is a meaningful zero and the size of a difference, an interval, has meaning. Contrasts with interval measure.

The distinction between quantitative and categorical variables, or "ladder of measurement": nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio.

Categorical variables that have no intrinsic order.

Variables that refer to categories and not to an actual quantity.

Categorical variables that can be put in a meaningful order.

Variables that take the forms of numbers that refer to actual quantities of something.

7. Researchers developing the HIV-Knowledge Questionnaire found that it was positively correlated with other similar measures such as the AIDS Risk Behavior Knowledge Test. Based on this description, the measure has *This question is required.

Face validity

Concurrent validity

Discriminant validity

Predictive validity

8. To measure individualism, a study included survey questions based on three components of the concept: autonomy, mature self-responsibility, and uniqueness. These three components can be referred to as *This question is required.

Constructs

Scales

Dimensions

None of the above

9. A measure of bureaucratic red tape included many important dimensions of the construct, such as delays, rules and procedures, and the number of people required to make decisions. Based on this description, the red tape measure has *This question is required.

Content validity

Criterion-related validity

Concurrent validity

Predictive validity

10. A study found that college students who score higher on a measure of “public service motivation” (which includes dimensions such as attraction to policy-making, feelings of compassion, and attitudes about civic duty) are more likely to work for a government agency or nonprofit organization rather than a for-profit business when they graduate. Based on this description, this measure has *This question is required.

Predictive validity

Reliability

Convergent validity

Content validity

11. What is the level of measurement? *This question is required.

Quantitative

Categorical

Kilograms

Individuals

12. What is the unit of measurement? *This question is required.

Quantitative

Categorical

Kilograms

Individuals

13. What is the unit of analysis? *This question is required.