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R & vanR Chapter 13 Quiz

Page 1 Questions

Please answer each of the following questions to help you self-assess your understanding of "Chapter 13: Natural and Quasi-Experiments" (Remler & Van Ryzin, 2010)
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2. Please Match the Term to Its Definition *This question is required.
Space Cell Studies of planned or intentional treatments that resemble randomized field experiments but lack full random assignment.Study that compares outcomes before and after a treatment occurs to determine the treatment's effect.Group in a quasi experiment that does not receive the treatment and implements the counterfactual. Similar to a control group but not created through randomization.A study that uses a series of periodic measurements interrupted in the middle by the treatment.Strength of causal evidence provided by a study.Situation in which the treatment (the independent variable of interest) varies through some naturally occurring or unplanned event that happens to be exogenous to the outcome (the dependent variable of interest).
Comparison Group
Interrupted Time Series
Internal Validity
Quasi Experiment
Natural Experiment
Before-After Study
3. Please Match the Term to Its Definition *This question is required.
Space Cell Those with a condition (often rare) in a case-control study.A study in which individuals in the comparison group are chosen so that the values of their matching variables are as close as possible to those in the treatment group.A matching method that employs multivariate statistics to match along many variables at the same time.Those with a condition (often rare) in a case-control study.Holding constant factors that could affect an outcome.Studies in which subjects are followed over time to observe what happens to them.
Propensity Score Matching
Matching
Prospective Study
Control
Case (in a Case-Control Study)
Case-Control Study
4. Please Match the Term to Its Definition *This question is required.
Space Cell A regression analysis study in which the assignment to treatment is based on a cut point for a single quantitative assignment variable.A variable that causes the independent variable to change but does not affect the outcome in any way, other than through the independent variable.Study in which researchers find subjects and then gather data about them earlier in time.A study that compares the difference between the before-after differences of a treatment and comparison group.A method that estimates a causal effect through the use of a variable that causes the independent variable to change but does not affect the outcome in any way, other than through the independent variable.
Difference-In-Differences
Instrumental Variables (IV)
Instrument (of Instrumental Variables)
Retrospective Study
Regression Discontinuity
5. A school compared the grades of students with disabilities while they were in separate classrooms and a year later when the state required integrating these students into mainstream classrooms. What type of research is this? *This question is required.
6. Researchers studied the labor market in Miami before and after the Mariel Boatlift in 1980, during which a large influx of Cubans arrived in Miami looking for jobs. The shock of the Mariel Boatlift on the local labor supply was exogenous to wages in Miami. This is an example of a(n) *This question is required.
7. Researchers used a flip of the coin to assign participants to view either a one-minute public information video about the environment or a control video of the same duration that showed only highlights of entertainment news. The researchers then observed how many participants in each group deposited small water bottles (which they had been given at the outset) into the recycle bin as opposed to an adjacent trash bin . This research involves a(n) *This question is required.
8. A study using the General Social Survey tested whether individuals who are members of a club report greater life satisfaction. What type of research design is this? *This question is required.
9. A state set a minimum grade point average requirement for students receiving financial aid starting in 2005. A researcher compared college graduation rates before and after 2005 in both that state and other states in the region. This type of research is *This question is required.
10. A criminal justice professor compared crime rates in cities where police departments adopted performance measurement systems to those that did not both before and after the systems were implemented. This type of research is called *This question is required.
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