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Mountain Biodiversity and Human Wellbeing


In January 2018, the Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment (GMBA)* launched the project Toward biodiversity-related opportunities for sustainable development - a global social-ecological mountain comparison. The aim of this project is to perform a first coarse assessment of the state of, trends in, and relationship between biodiversity, ecosystem services, and human wellbeing in the world's mountains.

For this global assessment, analyses will be performed at the level of mountain ranges or sub-ranges. Accordingly, we ask you for a broad picture of the mountain area you know, its nature, and the wellbeing of its inhabitants. As this questionnaire includes both questions from natural and social sciences, it may go beyond your field of expertise. Therefore you can indicate the confidence you have in your answer for each question individually. Space for comments and additional information is provided after each series of questions.

The survey should take you about 40 minutes to complete and we very much value your contribution.

Important information: In the upper right corner of the survey (starting on the next page) you will find navigation buttons to switch between three languages (English, French, and Spanish) and to save your session in case you need to continue at a later stage.

* The Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment (GMBA, web:, email: is a platform for international and cross-disciplinary collaboration on the assessment, conservation, and sustainable use of mountain biodiversity. GMBA is a global research project of Future Earth and is located at the University of Bern, Switzerland.


This project is endorsed by the Convention for Biological Diversity (CBD). PEGASuS is funded in part by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation’s Science Program and the NOMIS Foundation. PEGASuS is jointly administered by Future Earth and Colorado State University's Global Biodiversity Center.