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R & vanR Chapter 2 Quiz

Page 1 Questions

Please answer each of the following questions to help you self-assess your understanding of "Chapter 2: Theory and Models" (Remler & Van Ryzin, 2010)
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2. Please Match the Term to Its Definition *This question is required.
Space Cell Variation across individuals, organizations, or places at a single point in time.Variation over time.A logical description of how a particular corner or aspect of the world works.A logical description of how a particular corner or aspect of the world works. Contrasts with paradigms or grand theories of society.A prediction of what will happen if a theory is correct.An independent variable of interest that cannot be changed or influenced by policy or practice.An independent variable of interest that can be changed, or influenced, by policy or practice.Detailed causal process that produces an outcome.A diagram or equation or other representation that serves to articulate and communicate a theory.
Middle Range Theory
Model
Nonmodifiable Variable
Mechanism
Theory
Modifiable Variable
Cross-Sectional Variation
Longitudinal Variation
Hypothesis
3. Please Match the Term to Its Definition *This question is required.
Space Cell Causal process or sequence of events that produces a causal effect.How the variation of two different variables are related.A model showing causal relationships between variables.The effect, outcome, prediction, or response from a cause or independent variable - the variable the researcher is trying to explain.A relationship (correlation or association) due to causation. When one variable changes, another one changes as a consequence.A diagram or equation or other representation that serves to articulate and communicate a theory.The variable whose effect is of interest - the cause, the explanatory variable, the treatment, or the predictor.Something that can take on different values or different attributes.
Path Diagram
Relationship
Path Model
Causal Mechanism
Variable
Causal Relationship
Dependent Variable
Independent Variable
4. Please Match the Term to Its Definition *This question is required.
Space Cell The response of interest to a program.The objects, individuals, or things described by the variables or theory.Relationship in which the two related variables move in the same direction.Relationship in which the two related variables move in the opposite direction.Immediate products of these activities, such as people trained, brochures distributed, or citations issued, described in implementation-oriented logic models.The financial, human, and material resources required by the program described in more implementation-oriented logic models.Model (usually diagram) that communicates the underlying theory or mechanism of how a program will work.Training, counseling, marketing, and other tasks that make up the work of implementing a program and that are described in implementation-oriented logic models.
Outcome
Unit of Analysis
Inputs
Negative (-) Relationship
Logic Model
Outputs
Activities
Positive (+) Relationship
5. Please Match the Term to Its Definition *This question is required.
Space Cell Situation when two variables each affect the magnitude of the effect of the other on the dependent variable.The fact that relationships that hold at one unit of analysis may not hold at more aggregated levels.Models that describe relationships between variables at different units of analysis. Also known as multilevel models.A variable that changes the magnitude of the effect of another variable.A variable along a causal pathway. Also known as a n intervening variable.A directional relationship that appears at an aggregated level but does not exist, or is reversed, at the individual level.Higher level or more aggregate variables in a mulilevel analysis.A variable along a causal pathway. Also known as a mediator.
Intervening Variable
Mediator
Moderator Variable
Interaction
Aggregation Problem
Ecological Fallacy
Hierarchical Models
Contextual Variables
6. A theory has observable implications. In other words, it generates *This question is required.
7. In the statement “Raising taxes stifles economic growth” which of the following are true: *This question is required.
8. Officials at a public housing agency wanted to know whether supportive housing, which combines affordable housing with social services, helps low-income single mothers recover from substance abuse and maintain employment. A research study showed that length of residence in supportive housing was negatively correlated with substance abuse but was not significantly related to employment. Which of the following is the dependent variable in this study? *This question is required.
9. 4. An experiment was conducted to find out if using math computer software in the classroom would improve student math test scores. In a school district, some classrooms were randomly assigned to receive the new software, and others were randomly assigned to not receive it. At the end of the year, a researcher compared the average math test scores in the classrooms that received the software to the average score in the classrooms that did not receive the software. Which of the following is the unit of analysis in this study? *This question is required.
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